How to Install an Electric Dog Fence?

Imagine your pet escaping the house and running straight onto some busy road or on the neighbors’ property. Or suppose you are not at home, and he sees some teasing cats and races to chase them. The dog can also fall into the pool or destroy your prettiest flower beds.

This is a big problem because it can get you and your beloved in danger, and you cannot claim to love someone if you cannot protect them. To avoid such situations, companies have come up with the invention of fencing to guard them.

What is an Electric Fence?

An electronic dog fence system is better than traditional fences because they have an underground wire system. Because of this feature, we can also call it an underground dog fence. The transmitter receives a signal whenever the pet escapes the boundary, and the pet gets a little shock due to the shock collar on his neck.

Let us move to install these shields and discuss necessary concerns side by side.

How to Install Electric Dog Fence

Installing the electric boundaries is easy if they are applied in a proper and cautionary way. First, you have to determine the containment area. Then, choose which type of boundary you want to set. Once the installation is done, you will not have to worry about your buddy’s safety again.

stopping dogs from jumping fences

Determine the Area

Measure the exact field width you want to set for your dog. Set identification flags around the selected area where you will plant the boundary wires in the ground. The best feature of the underground fence system is that you do not have to plan a straight area because that is the case with physical fences. You can lay the wire in any direction, even excluding your desired areas.

Draw the field width on the graph paper. Mark every flag, building, pool, garden, pathway, road, and everything in and around your house. Then, you can best select the coverage area and which locations you should restrict your dog from.

Underground Utility

Determine these underground utilities and put the flags a few inches above them. These utilities can be water or gas pipes, sewerage pipes, electricity or cable lines, internet wires, etc. If you impair a utility, that will not be your personal issue because you will actually be damaging a state utility.

You can cross your boundary wire perpendicularly from the utility wires.

Transmitters and Dog Collars

find break in invisible fence

An invisible dog fence functions correctly with a transmitter and a receiver collar. The transmitter can cover the yards of a maximum of 500 acres. You should ensure that the transmitter has enough wires to cover the confined area.

Place the transmitter away from any other electronic interference, i.e., breakers, heavy appliances, etc. We recommend placing it in the garage, even away from the dog’s access. Moreover, do not set the transmitter near the power cables, antenna, cable, or telephone wires.

If you place it in an open area or barn, it will probably get damaged or catch fire because of water or electric strikes.

If the electricity breaks down anytime, remember to bring your dog back inside the safe zone until the boundary is working correctly again.

The purpose of the dog collar is to correct the dog when he tries to cross the boundary. When the pet breaches the perimeter, the system receives signals, and a shock is given to catch the dog’s attention.

To save the dogs from shocks, give them training around the boundary on an hourly basis. Let the dogs know where the invisible fence lies, so they may never try to hurt themselves again.

Choose the Correct Wires

An electric system means high caution. Usually, wires do not come with the system, so you should select them carefully. It will be better to choose high-quality galvanized steel wires because they have good conductivity.

You should never install any fences yourself if you are not practicing because it can be dangerous.

The Installation Process

For installing the wireless system, dig a trench in the ground. Lay the wire across the boundary line on the ground and make a continuous loop towards the starting point. It would help if you kept more wire on the backup for urgent requirements. Keep the corners rounded and avoid right angles because some systems cannot detect these. You should not keep the wires close (keep them 4 feet away) because that will cancel the conductivity.

Moreover, please do not twist the wire during installation because a twisted wire causes disturbance in the system’s signals and renders it ineffective. But the twisted wire is necessary to use.

It is not possible to go into the trench to test if the system is functioning correctly. Instead, connect the collar with the receiver, go to different points, and the transmitter will beep when the boundary location is near.

You can lay the wire above the ground, but we recommend burying them in the ground and to cover it with dirt to maintain the dogs’ safety.

Determine the Type of Boundary

invisible fence installation

Dome-Shaped Boundary

A dome-shaped boundary makes a loop over your yard. It’s like your house is enclosed in a safety bubble. A twisted wire from the transmitter is spread from the source (garage) to the boundary.

There may be a concrete driveway in your way. You can lay the wire in a crack, seam, or drainage pipe of the drive. If you need to cut the drive, you may use a masonry blade circular saw because it is the most effective. Fill the trench with chalk or asphalt after crossing the wires to keep your yard beautiful.

The dome-shaped boundary covers most of the yard, and it is waterproof to let your dog enjoy the bliss of the rain. Moreover, it has the easiest installation.

Backyard or Frontyard Covering Boundary

These perimeters are best if you do not want to give your dog access to the house. A loop is defined to enclose only the yard. This boundary system employs the twisted or double-strand wires spread from the garage to the boundary.

Single loop installation can serve the purpose of creating this boundary.


Sometimes, the pet parents give their dog access to both yards but not the house. An hourglass layout can do this type of fencing. One wire from the front yard and another wire from the backyard is connected on one side of the house. These loops are connected to the transmitter on the other side. The wires are spread towards the center, making an hourglass, but these center wires are kept at least 10 ft away from each other.

Yards Excluding the Pool or Garden

A double loop installation creates this containment area within the yard. You can save your smaller areas from the dog and vice versa while letting the dog roam freely in the rest of the yard. A double-stranded wire attaches to the single loop of the boundary.

The double loop boundary makes the three sides of the perimeter and house the fourth blockade. So your pup can safely play inside or outside the house.

You can also protect your garage, sitting area, flowering areas, etc.

Gate Fences or Additional Fence with the Existing Fence

Relax if your dog runs for the gate whenever he sees it open. You can design your boundary system to cover the gate only.

These double loop boundaries are adjusted to keep the dogs away from the gate.

The same is true if you want to lay a wire before some present boundary and a double loop dog fence wire is employed.

We recommend you avoid running your wire close to metallic objects such as chain link fences. Instead, test the collar and transmitter to see if the system is activated in the chain-link boundary area. It will help if you do not create a broader gap between the fields.

The field width gets narrow when you dig the wires underground. So, we recommend checking if the collar is receiving a signal before putting it on the dog.

Backdoor Acess

Some owners want to give the dog access to the backyard and the backdoor while prohibiting them from entering the front yard. It can be achieved by placing one end of the wire above the house vertically and connecting it to the other wires on both sides of the house from underground.

The Number of Transmitters

The number of transmitters matters because they determine the coverage area of the yard. A double or multiple transmitter will cover more area than the single one.

electric dog fence installation

Single Transmitter

A single transmitter has a radius of 180 feet that you can further adjust to set in your defined yard area.

Double or Multiple Transmitters

Multiple transmitters have a coverage area of more than 180 feet radius. Therefore, the dog can move from one zone to another without receiving any shock.

You can adjust the perimeter according to the yard.

Training and Correction

Training a dog is to ensure that he would not cross boundaries. But, it is not easy to keep an escape artist home. That is why they need to be corrected using the shock collar.

Let us see how you can train your dog.

Connect the Shock Collar with your Dog’s Transmitter

Get a comfy dog collar for your pup, so he does not get hurt by the tight grip or the extra weight.

Whenever your dog crosses the boundary, the transmitter will get a signal. It will activate the shock collar, and your pup will feel an electric shock signaling him to head back.

The intention of adding a shock collar in the GPS is not to hurt your dog, and it is only meant to train him so that he never crosses boundaries.

Final Training

Many systems come with white flags to be placed across the perimeter. Dedicate at least one hour daily to walking with your dog to make him comprehend that the flags are his limit. After a few days, do not go with him near the boundary and let him figure it out independently. If he crosses the boundary, pull the leash slightly. Pulling the leash should be enough for him. But, if he does not listen, give him a minor shock.

Once your dog learns the boundary, reward him every time he does not cross it. So, he would see that staying within the boundary benefited him while he received a shock when he crossed it.

Final Verdict

Pet parents love their dog more than anything in the world, and surely they want to keep him safe from everything. An electric dog fence is best to shelter your precious dog against the world. These can also help save the house from them when your baby is in destruction mode.

There are many layouts to install electric fences described above in the article. We hope that this guide aids you in installing the electric shield so that your little love can safely live and enjoy his house.

Let us know if you have any queries in mind.

Noah Tess
Noah Tess is a mother to a baby girl, two adorable huskies, and a toy poodle. When she's not busy taking care of her family, she's blogging about the newest pet trends and products. She's a member of the team here at dog cafe, a blog devoted to giving pet parents the best information on keeping their fur babies happy and healthy. When Noah's daughter was born, her world became infinitely more precious. Her baby was saved by the rescue huskies, she knew she owed them everything. That's why she does so much research into finding the best diets for her toy poodle "toffee" and her huskies, Jack and Snowball. Noah has a unique perspective on life that comes from being a mom - it's amazing!

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